Vela, Arqueles: “El estridentismo y la teoría abstraccionista. Mario Artemio: El estridentismo recuperado: Movimiento literario de vanguardia mexicano. México . 6 “grito subversivo” and “rebeldía literaria”; Oscar Leblanc, “¿Qué opina Ud. sobre el estridentismo?,” El Universal Ilustrado, March 8, , 14 Maples . Estridentismo. Maestra: Cecilia Andrade. Materia: Español. Grado: S1B. ¿Que es estridentismo? estridentismo,movimiento vanguardista literario mexicano.

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Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. The Public Faces of Estridentismo: Socializing Literary Practice in Postrevolutionary Mexico, Socializing Literary Practice in Postrevolutionary Mexico, Elliot Richard Heilman This study examines the ways in which Mexican literary elites, or literatos, sought to engage new readers and expand the reach of their literary practice in kiterario s.

During the s, as Mexicans reconstructed a nation that had been torn asunder by the litegario and upheaval of the Mexican revolutionMaples Arce and List Arzubide sought to expand the relevance of their literary efforts to communities that included more than just other literary elites. In seeking to resonate with broader reading publics, the Estridentistas turned to manifestos, illustrated magazines, books, and literary journals — the genres of literary publicity available to literatos at the time.

I argue that despite these important differences, Maples Arce and List Arzubide were both committed to socializing their aesthetic practice and resonating with new readers at a moment in which few literatos explicitly addressed anyone but other literatos.

By focusing on the development of the public faces of Estridentismo, this dissertation shows how a small group of iconoclastic poets helped to reimagine literary practice by publicizing their aesthetic rebellion to a nation emerging from civil war.

Over the past six years, I have come to rely on the intellectual talent and friendship of too many people to list here. Through conversation and critique, these friends and colleagues have actively helped me to write this dissertation. Nonetheless, I would like to acknowledge a few people in particular.

First and foremost, I wish to thank Angela Ray for her indefatigable support of this project and my own intellectual literadio. Angela has given me an enduring model for scholarship, professionalism, and friendship. Not only has she helped me ask better questions, she has also shown me that careful thinking enables curiosity.

I would also like to thank the other two members of my committee. To Jessica Greenberg for liteeario unwavering interest in this project and her amazing ability to help me think through the larger stakes of my research. And to Jorge Coronado, who instilled and deepened my interest in the complex relationship that intellectuals have had with their society throughout Latin American history.

Two literqrio in particular merit special mention: Elissa Rashkin and Silvia Pappe. Without their innovative scholarship and personal kindness, this dissertation would not have been possible. For me, Mexico has been full of friendly and generous people who have helped me along the way. In Estirdentismo City, Dawn Pankonien kindly estrixentismo me shelter and conversation.

Carolina, Jenny, Roberto, and the whole family also showed me immense kindness and helped this stranger feel at home in the D. Mis queridos en Puebla serve as a constant reminder that my connection to Mexico will always be more than scholarly. In Chicago, innumerable people helped me stay focused, interested, and sane. To Daniel, who reinforced the importance of long bike rides, swimming, and used litwrario stores for living a complete life.


To Aileen, whose friendship and love of wings helped me at trying moments more than she probably knows. Lastly, I want to thank Faye and Jordie, the other members of Diss Club, for their interest and engagement at a critical time in my thinking and writing. Finally, I have been blessed to have the strong support of my family. To my sister, Jess, who reminds me of the importance of family. To Lana, who makes me always want to estridengismo a better person. Most importantly, I want to thank my parents for their love and care — a constant support that has made me who I am today.

Unless estridentizmo noted, all translations in this dissertation are my own. Yale University Press, However, Maples Arce did not spend all his time praising Rivera or even Estridentismo.

La loca de la casa (estridentismo) | Placa metálica alusiva … | Flickr

According to an article from the newspaper El Universal that appeared the following day: University of Minnesota Press, Not only was he invited to speak at such a distinguished event, but he was also covered by the Mexico City press.

But he did manage to get noticed, an important skill for a young poet with grand ambition. Maples Arce, then, had created such an impression that his speech overshadowed, at least in the press, the rector of the National University. By his own standards, this achievement made Maples Arce an exemplary Estridentista. Rashkin, The Stridentist Movement in Mexico: Clearly defining the movement is tough, since, as this dissertation argues, Estridentismo changed considerably throughout its life.

Adding to this, the Estridentistas avoiding pinning themselves down. InMaples Arce wrote: In this esttidentismo, I am interested in tracing the variety of ways estriddntismo which these Estridentistas publicized themselves and their movement, which had itself sprung from a very public act. In a manifesto that he posted estridetnismo the walls of Mexico City in DecemberMaples Arce called forth Estridentismo piterario aesthetic principles that were largely patched together from a variety of French, Spanish, and Italian avant-garde movements.

Estridentismo, estridentistas

From the editorial staff of El Universal Ilustrado, Arqueles Vela joined in by experimenting with disjointed and often surprising prose. Literature and Arts of the Americas 37, no.

Between andthe artists and literatos who called themselves Estridentista did many notable things, such estrldentismo pioneering the use of woodcuts among Mexican artists and developing an individualistic and litetario poetic theory called abstraccionismo abstractionism. Specifically, I am interested in the textual practices through which Maples Arce 11 Rashkin, Stridentist Movement, Although these two were poets, I take Maples Arce and List Arzubide to represent not Estridentista aesthetics but, rather, Estridentista publicity.

First, there were multiple ways in which Estridentistas clamored for attention and, therefore, multiple faces that they displayed. These litearrio senses, I claim, are related in important ways and a part of literary culture across Latin America and Europe ewtridentismo this time.

University of Massachusetts Press, Morrisson, The Public Face of Modernism: Little Magazines, Lietrario, and Reception, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, Beyond this, it is worth noting that Matei Calinescu titled his foundational study of aesthetic modernity Five Faces of Modernity: Duke University Press, Zone, Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism, rev.

To this end, I identify four public faces of Estridentismo, which I call the political radical, the masculine dandy, the revolutionary publisher, and the intellectual worker.


Each of these public faces represents the particular types of engagements that the Estridentistas had with different reading communities. As such, each of these public faces also shows the multitude of ways in which Estridentistas called forth new readers and sought to enact social change. Maples Arce and List Arzubide turned to four media and, in so doing, participated in ongoing conversations about the role of literary practice that was refracted through larger concerns over issues like citizenship, gender, literature, and labor.


In order to ground such a claim, in this introduction I insert the Estridentistas into a broader history of literary elites in Mexico to show how what it meant to be a literary elite was in flux during the s. Estridentismo, I argue, exemplified a spirit of improvisation that marked a postrevolutionary moment of provisional identities. Doubleday,5. Intimately related to the processes of modernization that in Mexico were limited largely to Mexico City at the fin del siglo, literato was an identity that was uniquely urban.

Although a sense of literary autonomy was fundamental to the ability of writers, poets, and critics to understand themselves as literatos, these literary elites did not forsake their social importance completely.

Duke University Press,xl. For an account of reading in this region, see William Garrett Acree Jr. Vanderbilt University Press, In fact, during the s, the autonomy of the literato was increasingly coming under attack from authors who envisioned a wider importance for their work. Harvard University Press, And, although rough, these categories are a helpful way in which to emphasize that the socially engaged literato was an emergent category in s Mexico.

Rebels in the Literary Imagination of Mexico Austin: University of Texas Press, These reimaginings were possible because the literato was a social identity, one that was either assumed by or ascribed to individuals to label them as part of literary culture in Mexico.

After this initial success, the Mexican revolution followed its own course as violence continued at a fever pitch until It is only then that we can ask if the knowledge of particular social conditions of the production of what I have termed habitus permits us to understand that he has succeeded in occupying this position, if only by transforming it.

Randal Johnson New York: Columbia University Press, Las fundaciones de la modernidad literaria mexicana, West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University Press, These expectations were powerful, but, as Jean Franco has shown, Mexico still had a long history of women writers.

See Jean Franco, Plotting Women: Gender and Representation in Mexico New York: Columbia University Press, Countrywide, general relief that the fighting had ended gave way to a sense of optimism that effective social change might bring about a better life for all Mexicans. Yet this was an uneasy optimism, because the s also saw estridentidmo fighting, from revolutionary generals vying for power to peasants who sought to enact the social changes they believed the revolution had embodied.

Revolution and the Negotiation of Rule in Modern Mexico, ed. Duke University Press,5. In this sense, it represents one of the first major schisms estridentidmo by its opposition to the state. For more information, see Jean A. Meyer, The Cristero Rebellion: Cambridge University Press,